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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the phonological awareness tasks

From: The dimensionality of phonological awareness among Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children: a longitudinal study

  N Chance Mx. T. Mx. O. Mn. O. M (SD) Skew Kurtosis
RhyDet_T1 212 3.33 10 10 0 4.62 (2.11) − 0.22 − 0.01
SyllBlen_T1 212 0 10 10 0 7.72 (3.16) − 1.41 0.75
SyllSeg_T1 212 0 10 10 0 6.74 (3.16) − 0.76 − 0.58
PhonBlen_T1 212 0 10 10 0 0.56 (1.60) 3.39 12.05
PhonSeg_T1 212 0 10 8 0 0.26 (1.09) 4.92 25.20
PhonEli_T1 212 0 10 9 0 0.40 (1.33) 4.27 19.28
RhyDet_T2 177 3.33 10 10 0 5.44 (2.29) − 0.32 0.15
SyllBlen_T2 177 0 10 10 0 7.84 (3.50) − 1.53 0.70
SyllSeg_T2 177 0 10 10 0 8.15 (2.63) − 1.70 1.99
PhonBlen_T2 177 0 10 9 0 1.53 (2.51) 1.61 1.44
PhonSeg_T2 177 0 10 10 0 0.70 (1.94) 3.07 9.36
PhonEli_T2 177 0 10 10 0 1.05 (2.28) 2.33 4.75
  1. RhyDet Rhyme detection, SyllBlen Syllable blending, SyllSeg Syllable segmentation, PhonBlen Phoneme blending, PhonSeg Phoneme segmentation, PhonEli Phoneme Elision, T1 kindergarten, T2 first grade, N number of children who performed the task, Chance possible score by chance, Mx. T. maximum score of the task, Mx. O. maximum score obtained, Mn. O. minimum score obtained, M mean, SD standard deviationan