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Table 4 Distribution of limitations and strengths reported in the studies included in this systematic review

From: Cross-cultural adaptation of body image assessment instruments for university students: a systematic review

Limitations N % Strengths N %
Sample homogeneity 4 28.7 Valid and reliable instrument 4 28.7
Absence of psychometric analysis 1 7.1 Excellent verbal comprehension of items 4 28.7
Absence of validity and reliability 1 7.1 Advances in research 2 14.2
Cross-sectional data collection 1 7.1 Same reliability as the original study 2 14.2
The initial process of cross-cultural adaptation 1 7.1 Decrease of cultural barriers 1 7.1
Testing in other populations 1 7.1 Utile and potent tool which allows rapid triage 1 7.1
Cultural differences 1 7.1 Difference of factorial stability 1 7.1
Loss or addition of items 1 7.1 Utilization of different measures 1 7.1
Non-confidential data 1 7.1 Equivalent scales 1 7.1
Translation inaccuracies 1 7.1 Wide age range 1 7.1
Absence of comparison between groups 1 7.1 Items were not lost 1 7.1
Difficulty in the generalization of results 1 7.1 Identify and detected body Image problems 1 7.1
Not informed (it is unclear) 3 21.4 Sample heterogeneity 1 7.1
    Not informed (it is unclear) 1 7.1
  1. Source: The author, 2020
  2. N number of studies