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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of applied rating scales

From: Multi-ethnic validation of 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale in Chile

 Non-indigenousAymaraMapuchep*
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
GDS total score4.72 (4.31)a2.69 (2.82)a,b3.81 (3.56)b< 0.001
WHOQOL-OLD
 Sensory10.10 (2.92)a10.23 (3.22)b11.17 (2.77)a,b< 0.001
 Autonomy13.36 (3.03)a,b14.69 (2.60)a14.04 (3.09)b< 0.001
 Activities12.19 (3.10)14.39 (2.57)13.69 (3.08)< 0.001
 Participation11.91 (2.96)14.24 (2.76)13.60 (3.44)< 0.001
 Death11.15 (5.04)a,b9.39 (4.50)a8.68 (3.82)b< 0.001
 Intimacy11.36 (4.20)a,b13.74 (3.51)a13.09 (5.13)b< 0.001
Total70.07 (11.16)a,b76.69 (9.68)a74.27 (11.36)b< 0.001
DJGLS-6 total6.22 (3.11)a,b4.58 (2.02)a5.25 (2.49)b< 0.001
BRCS total14.12 (2.98)14.54 (2.95)a15.02 (3.22)a< 0.001
PWI total62.52 (14.65)78.52 (15.09)72.14 (17.09)< 0.001
PSSQ
 Spouse/partner3.10 (3.58)2.94 (3.48)3.20 (3.52)0.503
 Children3.19 (3.38)a,b5.27 (2.85)a4.50 (3.25)b< 0.001
 Relatives1.82 (3.01)a2.27 (2.77)a,b3.06 (3.40)b< 0.001
 Friends2.51 (3.30)a,b0.85 (2.08)a1.24 (2.53)b< 0.001
  1. DJGLS-6 de Jong-Gierveld Loneliness Scale, 6 item; BRCS Brief Resilience Coping Scale; PWI Personal Wellbeing Index; PSSQ Perceived Social Support Questionnaire
  2. *Kruskal-Wallis test for the three groups, with Dunn-Bonferroni correction. Superscript letters indicate significantly different values