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Table 5 Mean and standard deviation by gender and grade

From: The Academic Self-Regulation Questionnaire: a study with Portuguese elementary school children

SRQ-A Gender Grade
Male Female T p d 3rd Grade 4th Grade T p d
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
External 3.5 (1.2) 3.2 (1.2) 2.38 .018 .13 3.4 (1.2) 3.2 (1.2) 1.46 .146 .08
Introjected 3.2 (1.0) 3.0 (1.0) 1.50 .135 .08 3.2 (1.0) 3.0 (1.0) 1.59 .114 .09
Identified 4.2 (0.8) 4.3 (0.7) − 0.88 .377 .05 4.2 (0.8) 4.3 (0.6) − 1.24 .215 .07
Intrinsic 3.6 (1.0) 3.6 (1.0) − 0.12 .902 .01 3.7 (1.0) 3.6 (1.0) 0.74 .460 .04
  1. Sample: nmale = 178; nfemale = 163; n3rd = 218; n4th = 123