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Table 1 Objectives and topics covered in the intervention program

From: Behavioral intervention for sleep problems in childhood: a Brazilian randomized controlled trial

Sessions Topics covered
Session 1 1. Functional analysis based on the records in the sleep diaries: understanding the maintenance of sleep-related behavior-problem 2. Establish target behavioral changes: (1) extinction for the behaviors that compete with the self-accommodation, which are necessary for the process of falling asleep and (2) reinforcement of the behaviors that favor falling asleep 3. The child’s sleep, sleep hygiene, and the importance of establishing the pre-sleep routine
Session 2 1. Review of the sleep diaries 2. Strengthen the importance of the pre-sleep routine 3. Extinction of inappropriate behavior at bedtime 4. Reinforcement of appropriate behavior for sleep
Session 3 1. Review of the sleep diaries 2. Difficulties encountered in implementing the guidance provided 3. Reinforce the importance of parental consistency in the application of extinction and reinforcement
Session 4 1. Review of the sleep diaries 2. Difficulties encountered in implementing the guidance provided 3. Reinforce the importance of parental consistency even when there is improvement in behavior
Session 5 1. Review of the sleep diaries 2. Reinforce the importance of parental consistency even when there is improvement in behavior 3. Feedback resulting from the intervention 4. Finalization