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Table 2 Results of GEE and effect size for written expression measures of NTPT with significant differences

From: Metacognitive interventions in text production and working memory in students with ADHD

Variables Time Mean score ES p value
IG-Combined IG-WM General Group Time Interaction
Mean SE Mean SE Mean SE
Textual articulationa 1 1.7 aA 0.1 1.8 aA 0.2 1.8 0.11 0.09 0.009 < 0.001 0.002
2 3.1 bA 0.2 2.3 bB 0.2 2.7 0.12 1.0    
3 2.7 cA 0.2 2.0 abB 0.2 2.3 0.12 0.8    
General 2.5   0.12 2.0   0.14       
Elements of the narrativea 1 4.6   0.3 4.3   0.2 4.5a 0.2 0.22 0.018 < 0.001 0.448
2 6.0   0.2 5.2   0.3 5.6b 0.2 0.83    
3 5.7   0.2 4.9   0.2 5.3b 0.2 0.69    
General 5.4 A 0.2 4.8 B 0.2       
Denouementb 1 0.8 aA 0.09 0.61 aA 0.1 0.68 0.07 0.3 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
2 1 bA 0 0.87 aA 0.07 1 0 0.5    
3 1 bA 0 0.85 aB 0.08 0 0 3.4    
Geral 0.9   0 0.8   0.04       
Planning errorsa 1 3.0   0.7 2.7   0.6 2.8 0.4 0.1 0.646 < 0.001 0.112
2 2.0   0.4 2.9   0.5 2.4 0.3 0.4    
3 1.2   0.3 1.3   0.3 1.2 0.2 0.03    
General 1.9   0.3 2.1   0.4       
Text extensiona 1 63.1   12.5 62.4   9.7 62.7 7.9 0.01 0.685 < 0.001 0.822
2 89.3   7.7 86.6   9.2 87.9 6.0 0.06    
3 65.5   8.3 56.9   7.7 61.1 5.7 0.2    
General 71.7   8.6 67.5   6.1       
Morphosyn-tactic errorsa 1 3.5   0.5 4.7   0.6 4.1 0.4 0.4 0.243 0.024 0.699
2 5.1   0.7 5.8   0.8 5.4 0.5 0.2    
3 3.8   0.5 4.2   0.6 4.0 0.4 0.2    
General 4.1   0.4 4.8   0.5       
Presentation errorsa 1 7.7   1.0 9.4   1.2 8.5 0.8 0.3 0.137 0.001 0.317
2 11.2   1.5 18.0   4.9 14.2 2.1 0.4    
3 8.0   1.1 7.9   1.3 7.9 0.9 0.01    
General 8.8   0.8 11.0   1.3       
Words/Clausesc 1 5.5 aA 0.2 6.0 aB 0.2 5.7 0.2 0.6 0.580 0.265 0.030
2 5.6 aA 0.2 5.3 bA 0.1 5.5 0.1 0.5    
3 5.6 aA 0.3 5.7 abA 0.3 5.6 0.2 0.09    
General 5.6   0.1 5.7   0.2       
Paragraphc 1 1.8 aA 0.1 1.4 aB 0.1 1.6 0.1 0.6 < 0.001 0.002 0.031
2 2.5 bA 0.2 1.5 aB 0.1 2.0 0.1 1.3    
3 2.1 abA 0.2 1.5 aB 0.1 1.8 0.1 0.8    
General 2.1   0.1 1.5   0.1       
Punctuationc 1 1.8   0.1 1.6   0.2 1.7 0.1 0.3 0.002 0.681 0.401
2 2.0   0.1 1.5   0.1 1.8 0.1 0.8    
3 2.0   0.1 1.5   0.1 1.7 0.1 0.9    
General 1.9 A 0.1 1.5 B 0.1       
Revisionc 1 11.8   2.6 8.37   1.3 10.1 1.5 0.3 0.004 < 0.001 0.198
2 23.8   3.6 13.1   2.4 18.5 2.1 0.7    
3 23.2   4.2 11.9   2.2 17.6 2.3 0.7    
General 19.6 A 2.5 11.1 B 1.5       
  1. Time: 1: pretest; 2: immediate posttest; 3: deferred post-test; general: mean between evaluation times. Different lowercase letters represent statistically different mean values, by comparing time and setting group. Different uppercase letters represent statistically different mean values, by comparing groups and setting times
  2. IG-Combined combined intervention group, IG-WM Working Memory Intervention Group, SE standard error, ES effect size
  3. aPoisson distribution
  4. bBinary logit distribution
  5. cNormal distribution