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Table 4 Associations Between Physician’s Communicative Behaviors, Caregiver’s Marital Status, Diagnosis, and Child’s Gender

From: Associations between clinical and sociodemographic data and patterns of communication in pediatric oncology

  Marital Status Diagnosis Child’s gender
  Single or divorced Married Leukemia or Lymphoma Solid tumors Female Male
Physician’s guidance to child - M(SD) 6.78 (9.51) 8.51 (8.20) 9.49 (9.54) 5.68 (7.51) 7.36 (9.1) 8.24 (8.71)
  t[143] = 1.17; p = 0.24 t[144] = 2.63; p = 0.15 t[144] = 0.59; p = 0.38
Physician’s guidance to caregiver - M(SD) 32.1 (23.25) 39.49 (26.48) 41.93 (30.9) 29 (12.37) 35.5 (23.4) 36.75 (27.21)
  t[143] = 1.78; p = 0.05 t[144] = 3.41; p < 0.001 t[144] = 0.29; p = 0.52
Asks child about doubts - M(SD) 0.54 (1.27) 1.12 (1.58) 0.96 (1.57) 0.79 (1.47) 0.96 (1.57) 0.79 (1.47)
  t[143] = 2.38; p < 0.01 t[144] = 0.69; p = 0.81 t[144] = 0.66; p = 0.52
Asks caregiver about doubts - M(SD) 1.21 (1.75) 1.53 (1.89) 1.73 (1.89) 0.98 (1.67) 1.50 (1.91) 1.26 (1.73)
  t[143] = 1.07; p = 0.45 t[144] = 2.47; p = 0.16 t[144] = 0.77; p = 0.35
Child’s doubts - M(SD) 1.12 (2.00) 1.12 (2.15) 1.53 (2.54) 0.68 (1.23) 1.19 (2.15) 1.09 (2.03)
  t[143] = 0.002; p = 0.75 t[144] = 2.61; p < 0.001 t[144] = 0.29; p = 0.71
Caregiver’s doubts - M(SD) 6.32 (4.96) 10.16 (8.66) 10.16 (8.61) 6.12 (4.73) 7.76 (5.97) 9.00 (8.71)
  t[143] = 3.31; p < 0.01 t[144] = 3.59; p = 0.001 t[144] = 1.02; p = 0.50
Protesting - M(SD) 2.18 (4.91) 2.60 (4.78) 2.73 (5.57) 1.97 (5.15) 2.01 (5.09) 2.81 (5.11)
  t[143] = 0.46; p = 0.80 t[144] = 1.78; p = 0.28 t[144] = 0.99; p = 0.08
Physician’s bonding with the child - M(SD) 9.75 (5.44) 9.38 (5.49) 11.41 (5.30) 7.32 (4.74) 10.18 (6.16) 8.81 (4.38)
  t[142] = 0.70; p = 0.40 t[143] = 4.84; p = 0.46 t[143] = 1.56; p = 0.10
Physician’s bonding with the caregiver - M(SD) 2.70 (3.62) 2.47 (2.78) 2.91 (2.63) 2.21 (3.73) 2.32 (2.37) 2.91 (3.92)
  t[142] = 0.43; p = 0.83 t[143] = 1.31; p = 0.67 t[143] = 1.07; p = 0.20
Obtaining information from child - M(SD) 3.63 (4.48) 3.99 (3.57) 4.20 (4.31) 3.42 (3.60) 3.92 (4.4) 3.76 (3.54)
  t[142] = 0.53; p = 0.91 t[143] = 1.16; p = 0.53 t[143] = 0.24; p = 0.28
Obtaining information from caregiver - M(SD) 9.78 (5.82) 9.91 (5.20) 9.28 (5.23) 10.61 (5.71) 10.22 (6.21) 9.49 (4.49)
  t[142] = 0.14; p = 0.56 t[143] = 1.45; p = 0.78 t[143] = 0.81; p = 0.02