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Table 2 Comparisons of the contextual factors between adolescents with and without sexual initiation (n = 253)

From: Individual and contextual factors associated with sexual initiation among adolescents

Contextual factorsSexual initiation
Total
% (n)
Yes
% (n)
No
% (n)
p
Socioeconomic level
 A7.0 (17)41.2 (7)58.8 (10)0.35
 B121.7 (53)22.6 (12)77.4 (41) 
 B231.1 (76)31.6 (24)68.4 (52) 
 C127.0 (66)39.4 (26)60.6 (40) 
 C210.7 (26)26.9 (7)73.1 (19) 
 D2.5 (6)50 (3)50 (3) 
Mother’s education
 Incomplete elementary16.7 (42)48.7 (20)53.6 (22)0.13
 Complete elementary12.2 (30)36.7 (11)63.3 (19) 
 Incomplete high school9.0 (22)36.4 (8)63.6 (14) 
 Complete high school20.0 (49)26.5 (13)73.5 (36) 
 Incomplete higher education9.0 (22)31.8 (7)68.2 (15) 
 Complete higher education32.7 (80)23.8 (19)76.3 (61) 
Father’s education
 Incomplete elementary19.3 (47)38.2 (18)61.7 (29)0.17
 Complete elementary12.4 (29)37.9 (11)62.1 (18) 
 Incomplete high school4.3 (10)50 (5)50 (5) 
 Complete high school23.6 (55)21.8 (12)78.2 (43) 
 Incomplete higher education8.6 (20)40 (8)60 (12) 
 Complete higher education30.9 (72)25 (18)75 (54) 
Family configuration
 Nuclear38.5 (97)19.6 (19)80.4 (78)0.01*
 Extended22.2 (56)41.1 (23)58.9 (33) 
 Single parent20.2 (51)39.2 (20)60.8 (31) 
 Remarried19 (48)37.5 (18)62.5 (30) 
Affective-consistent
 Low26.3 (66)39.4 (26)60.6 (40)0.15***
 Medium low21.1 (53)28.3 (15)71.7 (38) 
 Medium high29.5 (74)29.7 (22)70.3 (52) 
 High23.1 (58)29.3 (17)70.7 (41) 
Adaptation
 Low30.3 (76)39.5 (30)60.5 (46)0.07***
 Medium low27.9 (70)35.7 (25)64.3 (45) 
 Medium high23.5 (59)28.8 (17)71.2 (42) 
 High18.3 (46)17.4 (8)82.6 (38) 
Autonomy
 Low42.2 (106)22.6 (24)74.7 (82)0.00***
 Medium low36.7 (92)32.6 (30)67.4 (62) 
 Medium high17.1 (43)41.9 (18)58.1 (25) 
 High4 (10)80 (8)20 (2) 
Total family support
 Low36.7 (92)33.7 (31)66.3 (61)0.45
 Medium low24.7 (62)30.6 (19)69.4 (43) 
 Medium high24.7 (62)33.9 (21)66.1 (41) 
 High13.9 (35)25.7 (9)74.3 (26) 
Access to information about sexuality in school
 No24.5 (62)33.8 (21)66.2 (41)0.66
 Yes75.5 (191)30.8 (59)69.2 (132) 
Access to information about sexuality in the family
 No24.5 (62)20.9 (13)79.1 (49)0.09
 Yes75.5 (191)35.0 (67)65.0 (123) 
  1. *Significant data. Chi-square test
  2. ** Significant data. Mann-Whitney