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# Table 8 Models’ comparison for invariance tests for URS for sociocultural level invariance (joining samples 2 and 3, *N* = 1084)

Psychology: Research and Review

From: Factorial validity and measurement invariance of the uncertainty response scale

Invariance level | Definition | Model | χ | df | Δ χ | Δ df |
| CFI | RMSEA | Δ CFI | Δ RMSEA | Δ SRMR |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Configural invariance | Same factor structure | M1 | 1717.985 | 807 | .92 | .032 | ||||||

Metric invariance | Same factor structure and factor loadings | M2-M1 | 1777.097 | 851 | 59.111 | 44 | .064 | .92 | .032 | − .002 | 0 | .001 |

Scalar invariance | Same factor structure, factor loadings, and intercepts | M3-M2 | 1876.510 | 901 | 99.413 | 50 | < .001 | .92 | .032 | − .004 | 0 | .000 |

Error variance invariance | Same factor structure, factor loadings, and error variances | M4-M3 | 1888.243 | 913 | 11.734 | 12 | .467 | .92 | .031 | 0 | − .001 | .007 |

Structural invariance | Same factor structure, factor loadings, error variances, and factors’ covariance | M5-M4 | 2001.239 | 969 | 112.996 | 56 | < .001 | .91 | .031 | − .005 | 0 | .001 |