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Table 1 Demographic characteristics by sample (gender, sociocultural levels, students vs. professional, and age) and sample comparison

From: Factorial validity and measurement invariance of the uncertainty response scale

  Gender Sociocultural levels (SCL) Type of participant Age
Male Female Lower Middle Upper Students Professionals
Complete sample (N = 1596) 468 (29.3%) 1128 (70.7%) 576 (36.1%) 318 (19.9%) 702 (44.0%) 888 (55.6%) 708 (44.4%) 26.9 (8.61)
EFA (Sample 1) (N = 512) 143 (27.9%) 369 (72.1%) 182 (35.5%) 102 (19.9%) 228 (44.5%) 282 (55.1%) 230 (44.9%) 26.8 (8.53)
CFA1 (Sample 2) (N = 543) 165 (30.4%) 378 (69.6%) 199 (36.6%) 105 (19.3%) 239 (44%) 309 (56.9%) 234 (43.1%) 27.6 (9.31)
CFA2 (Sample 3) (N = 541) 160 (29.6%) 381 (70.4%) 195 (36.0%) 111 (20.5%) 235 (43.4%) 297 (54.9%) 244 (45.1%) 26.3 (7.86)
Sample Comparison
χ2 (df)
.79 (2) .35 (4) .54 (2) ANOVA for age: F(2, 1573) = 3.3, p = .04, ηp2 = .004
Post-hoc comparisons using Tukey HSD test indicate that the mean score for Sample 2 is significantly different from Sample 3
Sample comparison p value .67 .99 .76
  1. Gender, sociocultural status, and type of subject characterized by n and (%); age characterized as Mean (SD); χ2 Chi-Square; df degrees of freedom, ANOVA analysis of variance