Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Descriptive and inferential statistics of data for the CG (n = 34) and EG (n = 54)

From: Multicomponent positive psychology intervention for health promotion of Brazilian retirees: a quasi-experimental study

  CG (%) EG (%) X 2 df p
Gender Female 70.6 88.9 3.54 1 .06
Male 29.4 11.1    
Educational level Up to high school 52.9 42.6 0.530 1 .467
Above high school 47.1 57.4    
Retirement type By age 23.5 9.3 3.42 2 .18
Time of service 55.9 68.5    
Especial 20.6 22.2    
PRPs Yes 2.9 16.7 2.659 1 .103
No 97.1 83.3    
Post-retirement work Yes 44.1 50 0.102 1 .750
No 55.9 50    
Health statues Positive 85.3 68.5 2.301 1 .129
Negative 14.7 31.5    
Carer Yes 32.4 51.9 2.473 1 .116
No 67.6 48.1    
Social support Yes 97.1 98.1 0.001 1 1.00
No 2.9 1.9    
Psychopathology Yes 20.6 27.8 0.256 1 .613
No 79.4 72.2    
Partner Yes 70.6 40.7 6.302 1 .012*
No 29.4 59.3    
Life alone Yes 11.8 40.7 7.081 1 .008*
No 88.2 59.3    
  CG: M (SD) EG: M (SD) t df p CI (95%)
Age 64.53 (7.68) 66.37(7.42) − 1.11 86 .267 (− 5.11–1.43)
Service time 24.67 (9.68) 28.92 (10.03) − 1.96 86 .053 (− 8.55–0.06)
Retirement time 12.40 (10.17) 13.91 (11.72) − 0.620 86 .537 (− 6.36–3.34)
Perceived stress 23.03 (6.67) 22.43 (7.26) 0.391 86 .696 (− 2.46–3.66)
Empathy 93.68 (11.53) 94.31 (10.05) − 0.274 86 .785 (− 5.27–3.99)
General health 23.18 (5.30) 23.41 (6.49) − 0.174 86 .862 (− 2.87–2.40)
Optimism 24.26 (3.51) 24.41 (3.84) − 0.175 86 .861 (− 1.76–1.47)
Resilience 139.38 (13.88) 138.43 (21.95) 0.227 86 .821 (− 7.42–9.33)
Life satisfaction 26.47 (6.68) 26.39 (5.68) 0.061 86 .951 (− 2.56–2.73)
  1. Note: CG control group, EG experimental group, df degrees of freedom, M mean, SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval, PRPs preparing for retirement programs
  2. *p < .05