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Table 4 Comparison between husbands and wives scores in the pre-test and the post-test

From: Couple relationship education program “Living as Partners”: evaluation of effects on marital quality and conflict

  Pre-test Post-test Student’s t (df) Effect size Cohen’s d
M (SD) M (SD)
Marital quality1 Husbands 31.62 (8.55) 28.65 (7.49) 3.062 (39)** 0.46
Wives 29.93 (11.33) 28.59 (10.43) 1.189 (40) 0.13
Conflict frequency Husbands 2.17 (0.56) 2.05 (0.64) 1.036 (40) 0.19
Wives 2.21 (0.60) 1.91 (0.53) 4.152 (40)* 0.63
Conflict resolution
 Positive resolution Husbands 3.26 (0.62) 3.60 (0.65) − 3.116 (39)** 0.51
Wives 3.34 (0.67) 3.70 (0.56) − 3.904 (40)* 0.57
 Conflict engagement Husbands 2.38 (0.68) 1.77 (0.59) 4.528 (39)* 0.67
Wives 2.57 (0.75) 1.77 (0.62) 6.750 (40)* 0.98
 Withdrawal Husbands 2.84 (0.75) 2.17 (0.73) 5.263 (39)* 0.81
Wives 2.69 (0.79) 2.15 (0.73) 5.412(40)* 0.81
 Compliance Husbands 2.36 (0.75) 2.19 (0.75) 1.472(39) 0.24
Wives 2.29 (0.70) 1.94 (0.69) 3.019(40)** 0.47
  1. *p < 0.001, **p < 0.01
  2. 1Lower scores represent better marital quality indices