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Table 2 Content of LARS&LISA

From: LARS&LISA: a universal school-based cognitive-behavioral program to prevent adolescent depression

Session Topic Objectives Content
1 Introductions, Build Relationships Explain guidelines; create a cooperative atmosphere; provide overview and rationale for topics in the program - Get to know each other
- Establish basic guidelines: fairness, respect, teamwork, and a positive working atmosphere
- Consequences for breaking of guidelines
- Introduce program
2 Setting Goals Identify and develop goals - Define goals
- Setting realistic and achievable personal goals
3 Reversible Spiral-I Learn connections among feelings, thoughts, and behaviors; teach concepts of “down” and “up” thoughts - Define “feelings,” “thoughts,” and “behavior”
- Reversible Spiral: associations among feelings, thoughts, and behaviors
- Introduce “down thoughts” (self-critical, action-blocking) and “up-thoughts” (self-supportive, helpful)
4 Reversible Spiral-II Identify self-critical, action-blocking thoughts - Experience the Reversible Spiral
- Explore meaning of negative thoughts
5 Think Tank-I Question self-critical, action-blocking thoughts; generate self-supportive, helpful, realistic thoughts - Introduce the “reality check”
- Create one’s own counter thoughts (i.e., realistic “up-thoughts”)
6 Think Tank-II Learn why self-supportive, realistic thoughts can be important and how to integrate them into one’s life - Review meaning of and rationale for “up thoughts”
- Identify daily situations in which “up thoughts” can be integrated
7 Just Do It-I Learn differences among assertive, passive, and aggressive behaviors and their consequences. Review connections between thoughts and behavior - Identify signs of assertive, passive, and aggressive behavior
- Discuss pros and cons of different behaviors
- Explore associations among negative thoughts; counter thoughts; and assertive, passive, and aggressive behaviors
8 Just Do It-II Practice assertive behavior
Practice not avoiding
- Demonstrate assertive behaviors
- Practice assertive behavior in role-plays
9 Making Contact-I Learn how to build and maintain friendships - Demonstrate verbal and nonverbal strategies to signal interest in others
- Role-play “making contact”
10 Making Contact-II Practice building friendships. Obtain feedback about the program - Participants evaluate and provide feedback
- Hand out certificates of program completion
- Good-byes and celebration