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Table 5 Descriptive statistics for total group (n = 1847) and for gender (female = 115; male = 732), Cronbach’s alpha, and Pearson’s r correlation

From: Psychometric properties of the Brief-COPE for the evaluation of coping strategies in the Chilean population

  Total group Female Male t value α r
M SD M SD M SD
Instrumental support 2.44 1.66 2.55 1.66 2.28 1.65 3.350*** 0.73 0.54***
Emotional support 2.84 1.79 3.01 1.78 2.60 1.77 4.901*** 0.75 0.60***
Active coping 3.80 1.55 3.82 1.52 3.76 1.59 0.824 0.65 0.48***
Planning 3.43 1.62 3.41 1.58 3.47 1.68 − 0.887 0.62 0.45***
Acceptance 3.93 1.44 3.90 1.46 3.96 1.42 − 0.933 0.53 0.37***
Self-distraction 2.88 1.69 3.02 1.66 2.66 1.71 4.407*** 0.58 0.40***
Denial 1.33 1.58 1.50 1.64 1.08 1.43 5.777*** 0.71 0.55***
Humor 2.00 1.80 1.95 1.79 2.09 1.81 − 1.662 0.80 0.67***
Self-blame 2.07 1.61 2.05 1.65 2.10 1.55 − 0.601 0.61 0.44***
Behavioral disengagement 1.09 1.34 1.14 1.37 1.02 1.30 2.021* 0.54 0.37***
Venting 2.04 1.60 2.20 1.60 1.80 1.58 5.275*** 0.66 0.50***
Positive reframing 3.25 1.62 3.27 1.54 3.20 1.72 0.897 0.61 0.44***
Substance use 0.64 1.29 0.60 1.24 0.71 1.36 − 1.690 0.82 0.70***
Religion 2.83 2.01 3.12 1.97 2.40 1.99 7.611*** 0.79 0.65***
  1. *p < .05; ***p < .001