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Table 3 Common mental disorders prevalence according to employment status and psychosocial aspects of the job

From: Factors associated with common mental disorders among female nursing professionals in primary health care

Variables (N) n (%) Common mental disorders
n (P%) PR p value
Working characteristics and conditions
 Professional category (451)
  Nurse 150 (33.3) 30 (20.1) 1.00  
  Nursing technician/assistant 301 (66.7) 41 (14.2) 0.71 .10
 Worktime (448)*
  Less than 5 years 171 (38.2) 19 (11.2) 1.00  
  Between 5 and 10 years 109 (24.3) 19 (17.8) 1.59 .12
  Longer than 10 years 168 (37.5) 33 (20.8) 1.86 .01
 Worktime in the unit (448)*
  Less than 5 years 302 (67.4) 42 (14.2) 1.00  
  Between 5 and 10 years 95 (21.2) 17 (18.9) 1.33 .27
  Longer than 10 years 51 (11.4) 11 (22.4) 1.58 .13
 Employment bond (446)*
  Employment stability 210 (47.1) 40 (19.9) 1.00  
  Outsourced work 236 (52.9) 31 (13.4) 0.67 .06
 Having another employment bond (450)*
  No 287 (63.8) 36 (12.9) 1.00  
  Yes 163 (36.2) 35 (22.2) 1.72 .01
 Having labor rights (441)*
  Yes, all 101 (22.9) 16 (16.7) 1.00  
  Yes, partially 314 (71.2) 46 (15.0) 0.90 .77
  No, none 26 (5.9) 5 (19.2) 1.15 .87**
 Weekly work week (435)*
  Up to 40 h 305 (70.1) 38 (12.8) 1.00  
  Between 40 and 60 h 79 (18.2) 14 (18.2) 1.42 .22
  More than 60 h 51 (11.7) 18 (36.0) 2.81 < .01
 Working shift (449)*
  Daytime 374 (83.3) 63 (17.1) 1.00  
  Nightshift/24 h shift 75 (16.7) 7 (10.4) 0.61 .17
 Physical demand at work (447)*
  Low physical demand 251 (56.2) 33 (13.5) 1.00  
  High physical demand 196 (43.8) 38 (19.9) 1.47 .07
 Activities that were compatible with their position (449)*
  Yes 427 (95.1) 68 (16.4) 1.00  
  No 22 (4.9) 2 (9.5) 0.58 .63**
 Personal safety threatened at work (450)*
  No 279 (62.0) 31 (11.4) 1.00  
  Yes 171 (38.0) 40 (24.0) 2.10 < .01
 Domestic work (448)*     
  No 204 (45.5) 26 (13.0) 1.00  
  Yes 244 (54.5) 45 (19.1) 1.47 .08
 Domestic overload (440)*
  Low/medium overload 272 (61.8) 33 (12.5) 1.00  
  High overload 168 (38.2) 36 (22.1) 1.77 < .01
Psychosocial aspects of the job
 Social support (423)*
  High support 225 (53.2) 24 (11.0) 1.00  
  Low support 198 (46.8) 40 (20.6) 1.87 < .01
 Demand-control model (423)*
  Low demand jobs 136 (32.2) 13 (9.6) 1.00  
  Active jobs 101 (23.9) 18 (18.6) 1.94 .04
  Passive jobs 100 (23.6) 19 (19.6) 2.04 .03
  High demand jobs 86 (20.3) 19 (22.4) 2.33 < .01
 Effort-reward imbalance model (436)*
  Balance 140 (32.1) 12 (8.8) 1.00  
  Imbalance 296 (67.9) 58 (20.1) 2.28 < .01
  1. *Variables with missing values;
  2. **Fisher’s exact test