Skip to main content

Table 2 A selection of methods, parameters, and examples of applications (Bartholomew Eldredge et al., 2016; Kok et al., 2016)

From: Planning theory- and evidence-based behavior change interventions: a conceptual review of the intervention mapping protocol

Methods, theory & definitions Parameters for use Examples of applications
Example of basic method at the individual level
Modeling: Providing an appropriate model; being reinforced for the desired action (Social Cognitive Theory, theories of learning; Kazdin, 2012; Kelder et al. 2015) Attention, remembrance, self-efficacy and skills; reinforcement of the model; identification with model; coping model instead of mastery model. The health promoter finds a role model from the community or at-risk group who will encourage identification and serve as a coping model: “I tried to quit smoking several times and failed; then I tried… Now I have been off cigarettes for…”
Example of method to change habitual, automatic, and impulsive behavior
Cue altering: Teaching people to change a stimulus that elicits or signals a behavior (Theories of goal directed behavior, theories of automatic, impulsive and habitual behavior; Verplanken & Aarts, 1999; Wood & Neal, 2007) Existing positive intention. Dieters change the places they keep snack food in order to prevent taking the snack automatically.
Example of basic method for change of environmental conditions
Coercion: Attempting to control others against their will (Freudenberg & Tsui, 2014; Turner, 2005) Requires or creates a power difference. Health promotion activists organize a consumer boycott of a company that sells formula in developing countries.
Example of method to change social support and social networks
Developing new social network linkages: Linking members to new networks by mentor programs, buddy systems, and self-help groups (Theories of social networks and social support; Holt-Lundstad & Uchino, 2015; Valente, 2015) Willingness of networks to reach out; availability of networks that can provide appropriate support and linkage agents. Volunteers who are breast cancer survivors are linked to newly diagnosed patients to provide emotional and informational support.