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Table 3 Standardized regression weights (SRW), reliabilities, and average extracted variance (AEV) for first-order and second-order factor models (N Brazil = 1019; N Portugal = 842)

From: Authentic Leadership Questionnaire: invariance between samples of Brazilian and Portuguese employees

   SRW AEV Composite reliability Cronbach’s α
Factors Items Br Pt Br Pt Br Pt Br Pt
Order factor model: 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd   
Transparency AL1 .601 .592 .592 .589 .50 .50 .37 .37 .83 .83 .75 .75 .84 .74
AL2 .770 .776 .647 .695           
AL3 .814 .822 .687 .651           
AL4 .692 .686 .535 .529           
AL5 .628 .614 .586 .582           
Moral/ethics AL6 .744 .743 .700 .694 .63 .63 .49 .49 .87 .87 .79 .79 .87 .79
AL7 .814 .810 .775 .775           
AL8 .787 .785 .649 .651           
AL9 .821 .827 .669 .673           
Balanced processing AL10 .801 .805 .603 .604 .67 .66 .49 .49 .86 .86 .74 .74 .85 .73
AL11 .795 .797 .716 .717           
AL12 .849 .842 .771 .770           
Self-awareness AL13 .844 .822 .703 .716 .74 .74 .52 .52 .92 .92 .81 .81 .92 .81
AL14 .822 .908 .711 .787           
AL15 .907 .870 .787 .681           
AL16 .867 .841 .679 .698           
AL Transparency - .940 - .920           
(2nd-order factor) Moral/ethics - .910 - .886           
Balanced processing - .990 - .938           
Self-awareness - .957 - .899           
  1. Br Brazil, Pt Portugal, SRW standardized regression weights, AEV average extracted variance