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Table 1 Socio-demographic characterization of the Brazilian and Portuguese samples

From: Authentic Leadership Questionnaire: invariance between samples of Brazilian and Portuguese employees

  Brazil (n = 1019) Portugal (n = 842)
N % N %
Sex
 Male 462 45.3 292 34.7
 Female 539 52.9 548 65.1
 No response 18 1.8 2 0.2
Age
 Under 20 years 22 2.2 21 2.5
 Between 21 and 30 347 34.1 234 27.8
 Between 31 and 35 226 22.6 82 9.7
 Between 36 and 40 105 10.3 97 11.5
 Between 41 and 50 192 18.8 267 37.1
 Over 51 years 99 9.7 139 16.5
 No response 28 2.7 2 0.2
Years in the company
 6 months or less 51 5.9 0 0
 Between 7 months and 1 year 36 3.5 97 11.5
 Between 1 year 1 month and 3 years 272 26.7 89 10.6
 Between 3 years 1 month and 5 years 144 14.1 138 16.4
 Between 5 years 1 month and 10 years 97 9.5 147 17.5
 Over 10 years 397 39 365 43.3
 No response 22 2.2 6 0.7
Education
 Up to 9 years of education 35 3.4 246 29.2
 From 10 to 12 years 160 15.7 281 33.4
 From 13 to 17 years 603 59.2 181 21.5
 Over 18 years of education 200 19.6 128 15.2
 No response 21 2.1 6 0.7
Salary (in euros)
 Up to 500 457 44.8 215 25.5
 Between 501 and 1000 375 36.8 423 50.2
 Between 1001 and 1500 68 6.7 150 17.8
 Between 1501 and 2000 94 9.2 34 4
 Between 2001 and 2500 4 0.4 10 1.2
 Between 2501 and 3000 1 0.1 2 0.2
 Between 3001 and 3500 0 0 0 0
 Between 3501 and 4000 0 0 0 0
 Over 4000 0 0 0 0
 No response 20 2.0 8 1