Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Mean Reaction Times (in Milliseconds) (a) and Error Rates (%) (b) for Bilingual and Monolingual Participants Broken for Flanker Type and Cue Type

From: Inhibitory and attentional control: the interaction between “professional activity” and bilingualism

  Flanker
  Congruent Incongruent Conflict effect
  Bil Mon Bil Mon Bil Mon Δ Bil-Mon
(a) Cue        
None 595 (85) 621 (69) 699 (119) 742 (74) 104 121 17
Double 549 (77) 571 (55) 668* (110) 725 (60) 119 154 35
Center 572 (96) 593 (66) 682 (118) 744 (86) 110 151 41
Spatial 511 (76) 538 (70) 591 (107) 654 (93) 80 116 36
Allerting effect 46 50 31 17    
Δ Bil-Mon   4   14    
Orienting effect 61 55 91 90    
Δ Bil-Mon   6   1    
(b) Cue        
None 0.01 (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.02 (0.03) 0.03 (0.04) 0.01 0.02 0.01
Double 0.00 (0.01) 0.00 (0.01) 0.02 (0.03) 0.04 (0.04) 0.02 0.04 0.02
Center 0.01 (0.02) 0.01 (0.02) 0.02 (0.03) 0.04 (0.07) 0.01 0.03 0.02
Spatial 0.00 (0.01) 0.01 (0.02) 0.02 (0.03) 0.02 (0.05) 0.02 0.01 0.01
Allerting effect 0.01 0.01 0 -0.01    
Δ Bil-Mon   0   -0.01    
Orienting effect 0.01 0 0 0.02    
Δ Bil-Mon   0.01   0.02    
  1. Note. Source: Study data. Standard deviations are in parentheses
  2. *Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05); Bil (Bilingual); Mon (Monolingual);
  3. Δ Bil-Mon: the result of the difference between Bilinguals and Monolinguals