Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Associations between Communicative Behaviors and the Caregiver’s level of education and Monthly Income

From: Associations between clinical and sociodemographic data and patterns of communication in pediatric oncology

  Caregiver’s level of education Monthly income
  None, primary grade Junior high school High school College Low income Medium income High income
Physician’s guidance to child-M(SD) 3.92 (5.11) 5.46 (7.27) 10.7 (11.1) 10.04 (7.8) 7.4 (9.7) 8.52 (7.8) 6.75 (7.1)
  F[3,144] = 5.39; p = 0.002 F[2,144] = 0.33; p = 0.72
Physician’s guidance to caregiver-M(SD) 25.69 (14.1) 24.57 (10.8) 46.82 (25.9) 47.04 (25.5) 32.3 (19.7) 34.1 (23.5) 60.94 (39.4)
  F[3,144] = 11.07; p < 0.001 F[2,144] = 9.96; p < 0.001
Asks child about doubts - M(SD) 0.46 (1.42) 0.54 (1.17) 1.16 (1.77) 1.21 (1.28) 0.88 (1.57) 0.96 (1.5) 0.38 (0.62)
  F[3,144] = 2.57; p = 0.05 F[2,144] = 0.97; p = 0.38
Asks caregiver about doubts- M(SD) 1.15 (1.89) 0.63 (1.22) 1.87 (2.05) 2.04 (1.84) 1.36 (1.93) 1.48 (1.7) 1.19 (1.6)
  F[3,144] = 5.42; p = 0.001 F[2,144] = 0.16; p = 0.85
Child’s doubts- M(SD) 1.12 (2.01) 0.52 (0.91) 1.27 (2.27) 1.86 (2.87) 1.01 (1.86) 1.39 (2.5) 0.88 (1.71)
  F[3,144] = 2.60; p = 0.05 F[2,144] = 0.61; p = 0.54
Caregiver’s doubts- M(SD) 6.31 (4.73) 5.74 (4.04) 9.38 (7.27) 12.93 (10.9) 6.76 (4.96) 8.37 (7.3) 16.6 (12.1)
  F[3,144] = 7.27; p < 0.001 F[2,144] = 14.09; p < 0.001
Protesting- M(SD) 2.73 (6.87) 1.63 (3.08) 3.31 (5.67) 1.89 (3.15) 2.05 (4.74) 2.8 (5.26) 11.25 (6.5)
  F[3,144] = 1.06; p = 0.36 F[2,144] = 0.53; p = 0.59
Physician’s bonding with child-M(SD) 8.88 (5.88) 7.30 (5.55) 9.91 (3.85) 13.29 (5.18) 8.07 (5.1) 11.6 (5.1) 11.25 (6.5)
  F[3,143] = 8.25; p < 0.001 F[2,143] = 7.63; p = 0.001
Physician’s bonding with caregiver-M(SD) 1.81 (1.79) 1.20 (1.99) 3.30 (4.16) 4.43 (2.95) 2.28 (3.5) 2.65 (2.5) 3.88 (3.13)
  F[3,143] = 8.36; p < 0.001 F[2,143] = 1.70; p = 0.19
Obtaining information from child- M(SD) 3.15 (2.55) 3.52 (3.96) 4.59 (5.24) 3.71 (2.79) 3.85 (4.18) 3.8 (4.21) 3.69 (2.39)
  F[3,143] = 0.87; p = 0.46 F[2,143] = 0.01; p = 0.98
Obtaining information from caregiver-M(SD) 9.69 (5.03) 8.89 (6.24) 11.50 (4.94) 8.96 (5.01) 10.17 (5.8) 8.63 (4.8) 11.69 (5.1)
  F[3,143] = 2.09; p = 0.01 F[2,143] = 2.22; p = 0.01