Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Comparison among the three groups, regarding executive functions

From: Right frontal stroke: extra-frontal lesions, executive functioning and impulsive behaviour

  Groups
  Frontal Extra-Frontal Net Control   
Variables Median (tertiles) Median (tertiles) Median (tertiles) X 2 p
Executive Functions      
BADS      
 Weighted Total 15.0 (11.0-16.50) 15.0 (12.0-17.0) 15.0 (11.75-17.0) 0.186 .873
 Gross Total 48.0 (43.50-50.0) 51.0 (44.0-54.0) 51.0 (46.0-55.0) 1.579 .382
WCST      
 Adm. Trials 48.0 (46.0-48.0) 48.0 (48.0-48.0) 48.0 (40.50-48.0) 5.992 .050b
 C. Categories 3.0 (1.0-6.0) 3.0 (1.0-5.0) 4.5 (2.0-6.0) 5.209 .074
 Ruptures 0 (0-2.0) 0 (0-1.0) 0 (0-1.0) 0.624 .732
 Hits 29.0 (9.0-37.50) 28.0 (15.0-36.0) 35.50 (22.75-36.0) 3.666 .160
 Persev. Errors 14.0 (2.50-36.50) 15.0 (8.0-29.0) 6.50 (1.0-21.25) 6.420 .040b
 N. Persev. Errors 3.0 (0-4.0) 4.0 (1.0-6.0) 3.0 (1.0-6.0) 2.575 .276
Five Digits      
 Inhibition (sec.) 21.0 (16.50-25.0) 25.0 (13.0-38.0) 15.0 (9.75-22.0) 5.559 .062
 Flexibility (sec.) 45.0 (33.50-51.0) 40.0 (25.0-61.0) 38.50 (21.75-46.0) 4.778 .092
 Choice Error 0 (0-2.0) 1.0 (0-2.0) 0 (0-1.0) 1.282 .527
 Alter. Errors 1.0 (0.50–8.0) 2.0 (0-4.0) 2.0 (0-3.25) 1.146 .564
  1. Imp. Impulsivity, OE Omission Errors, CE. Comission Errors, Adm. Trials Administered Trials, C. Categories Complete Categories, Persev. Errors Perseverative Errors, N. Persev. Errors Non-Perseverative Errors, Alter. Errors Alternation Errors
  2. a p ≤ 0,05 comparing control and frontal lesion group
  3. b p ≤ 0,05 comparing control and non-frontal lesion group