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Table 3 Percentage and Frequency of Spontaneous Answers according to categories and subcategories of Breast Cancer Causal Attribution (N = 157)

From: Causal attribution among women with breast cancer

Categories Cause 1 Cause 2 Cause 3
  % F % F % F
Psychological Attributions 47.8 75 36.9 58 22.3 35
 Psychological and/or psychiatric 37.6 59 31.8 50 18.5 29
 Stress 7.0 11 3.8 6 3.2 5
 Personality 1.3 2 1.3 2 1.3 2
Biological Risk Factors 21.0 33 11.5 18 8.3 13
 Genetic/Hereditary 19.1 30 5.1 8 2.5 4
 Bad organ function 0.0 0 2.5 4 1.9 3
 Hormonal Causes 4.5 7 3.2 5 1.3 2
 Age 0.0 0 0.6 1 1.3 2
 Obesity 0.0 0 0.6 1 1.3 2
Behavioral Risk Factors 13.4 21 14.6 23 14.6 23
 Drug Usage 3.2 5 3.2 5 2.5 4
 Lack of prevention 3.2 5 5.7 9 6.4 10
 Breast-feeding problems 1.9 3 0.6 1 0.6 1
 Labor-related causes 3.8 6 2.5 4 5.7 9
Physical Injury 5.7 9 4.5 7 0.0 0
Bad luck/Fate 3.2 5 2.5 4 0.6 1
Lack of Resources 1.9 3 3.2 5 1.9 3
Chemicals 1.9 3 0.6 1 0.0 0
Do not know 5.1 8 26.1 41 52.2 82
Other responses not categorized 0,6 1 1.9 3 0.0 0