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Table 7 Models’ comparison for invariance tests for URS for gender invariance (subsample from samples CFA1 and CFA2: N = 520; 268 females; 252 males)

From: Factorial validity and measurement invariance of the uncertainty response scale

Invariance levelDefinitionModelχ2dfΔ χ2Δ dfpCFIRMSEAΔ CFIΔ RMSEAΔ SRMR
Configural invarianceSame factor structureM11050.663538   .90.043   
Metric invarianceSame factor structure and factor loadingsM2-M11077.08356026.42022.234.90.042− .001− .001.002
Scalar invarianceSame factor structure, factor loadings, and interceptsM3-M21167.27158590.18925< .001.89.044− .012.002.000
Error variance invarianceSame factor structure, factor loadings, and error variancesM4-M31169.9485912.6766.848.89.043.001− .001.001
Structural invarianceSame factor structure, factor loadings, error variances, and factors’ covarianceM5-M41211.15761641.20925.022.89.043− .0030.001
  1. χ2 Chi-square, df degrees of freedom, Δ χ2 difference between model’s χ2, Δ df difference between models’ df, p p value, CFI comparative fit index, RMSEA root mean square error of approximation, Δ CFI difference between model’s CFI’s, Δ RMSEA difference between model’s RMSEA, Δ SRMR difference between model’s standardized root mean square residuals, M1 to M5 models tested