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Table 1 Demographic characteristics by sample (gender, sociocultural levels, students vs. professional, and age) and sample comparison

From: Factorial validity and measurement invariance of the uncertainty response scale

 GenderSociocultural levels (SCL)Type of participantAge
MaleFemaleLowerMiddleUpperStudentsProfessionals
Complete sample (N = 1596)468 (29.3%)1128 (70.7%)576 (36.1%)318 (19.9%)702 (44.0%)888 (55.6%)708 (44.4%)26.9 (8.61)
EFA (Sample 1) (N = 512)143 (27.9%)369 (72.1%)182 (35.5%)102 (19.9%)228 (44.5%)282 (55.1%)230 (44.9%)26.8 (8.53)
CFA1 (Sample 2) (N = 543)165 (30.4%)378 (69.6%)199 (36.6%)105 (19.3%)239 (44%)309 (56.9%)234 (43.1%)27.6 (9.31)
CFA2 (Sample 3) (N = 541)160 (29.6%)381 (70.4%)195 (36.0%)111 (20.5%)235 (43.4%)297 (54.9%)244 (45.1%)26.3 (7.86)
Sample Comparison
χ2 (df)
.79 (2).35 (4).54 (2)ANOVA for age: F(2, 1573) = 3.3, p = .04, ηp2 = .004
Post-hoc comparisons using Tukey HSD test indicate that the mean score for Sample 2 is significantly different from Sample 3
Sample comparison p value.67.99.76
  1. Gender, sociocultural status, and type of subject characterized by n and (%); age characterized as Mean (SD); χ2 Chi-Square; df degrees of freedom, ANOVA analysis of variance