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Table 4 Study 3 Means and standard deviations for touch reports and adulthood measures

From: The importance of early life touch for psychosocial and moral development

  Range M SD
Positive touch 1–5 3.71 1.04
Lack of corporal punishment 1–5 3.63 1.03
Secure attachment 1–7 4.47 2.07
Poor mental health (anxiety and depression) 1–5 3.51 1.33
Empathic concern 1–5 3.74 .74
Perspective-taking 1–5 3.57 .68
Personal distress 1–5 2.54 .79
Social engagement 1–4 4.13 .69
Social opposition 1–4 1.86 .92
Social withdrawal 1–4 2.11 .94