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Table 2 Table of correlations between maternal socialization goals and the children’s performance of the spontaneous prosocial behavior task

From: Maternal socialization goals and the spontaneous prosocial behavior of children in rural contexts

Variables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
1. Result of the task performed by the child                    
2. Learning to share with others .22                   
3. Learning to support others .40* .42**                  
4. Learning to understand others’ feelings .18 .27 .54**                 
5. Learning not to manifest bad behavior .21 .38* .50** .38*                
6. Learning to give some things to others − .12 .28 .25 .41** .69**               
7. Learning to obey parents −. 16 .27 .37 .38* .56** .68              
8. Learning to take care of others .11 .38* .67** .53** .23 .20 .19             
9. Learning to obey seniors − .24 .38* .19 .20 .34* .46** .65** .19            
10. Learning to care for others’ wellbeing .05 .17 .59** .56** .34* .35* .48** .62** .38*           
11. Learning to comfort others .13 .09 .49** .54** .35* .40* .35* .63** .13 .54**          
12. Learning to help others (mother, siblings) − .01 .17 .42** .37* .31 .38* .64** .27 .74** .46** .34*         
13. Learning to cheer up others − .18 − .12 .25 .19 .27 .37* .44** .05 .39* .37* .21 .55**        
14. Learning to participate when something needs to be done .22 .04 .48** .56** .45** .43** .41** .41** .30 .37* .61** .65** .40*       
15. Learning not to contradict one’s parents − .00 .12 .13 .13 .31 .33 .30 − .04 .22 .04 .13 .11 .24 .31      
16. Learning to help others when they are sad or distressed .21 .23 .55** .31 .65** .42** .53** .38* .27 .49** .57** .45** .36* .62**      
17. Learning to behave according to social norms .06 − .06 .32 .36* .24 .20 .37* .24 .16 .31 .12 .26 .24 .39* .27 .17    
18. Learning to respect seniors − .09 .29 .41** .31 .41** .51 .69** .11 .71 .40* .07 .64** .45** .32 .22 .19 .35*   
19. Learning to do things with others .15 .12 .31 .38* .37* .37* .13 .41** .07 .44** .56** − .04 − .01 .32 .26 .34 .28 .04  
20. Learning to do what parents say .10 .25 .35* .16 .28 .23 .33* .36* .11 .07 .24 .18 .06 .32 .38* .38* .36* .06 .28
M 3.19 2.86 2.84 3.11 3.49 3.65 2.51 3.62 2.70 3.16 3.38 3.35 3 3.27 3.27 2.81 3.68 3.27 3.46
SD 1 0.77 1 0.87 0.55 0.53 0.98 0.63 0.74 0.76 0.72 0.75 0.74 1 0.65 0.81 0.58 0.73 0.65
  1. All coefficients are significant at p < .05