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Table 2 The content of DBT training courses

From: A comparative study of the effectiveness of group-based cognitive behavioral therapy and dialectical behavioral therapy in reducing depressive symptoms in Iranian women substance abusers

Training courses Session
Mindfulness: Wise mind, “What” and “How” skills. Implement wise mind techniques, specific acceptance skills, and conscious communication with others. Its main purpose is to create an individual’s ability to control attention through non-judgmental teaching style and being efficient 1,2
Interpersonal Effectiveness: Myths, Priorities, DEAR MAN, GIVE and FAST skills. Teaching of distraction techniques from the self-harming behaviors and thoughts by doing pleasurable activities such as participating in doing tasks, comparing yourself with those who have a superior status, creation of deliberate positive emotions, suppression of painful conditions, and substituting the thoughts in order to increase the tolerance power of distress and suffering. Teaching emotional identification techniques, overcoming obstacles of healthy emotions, and confrontation with emotions in which one is taught how to calm down himself/herself and can control and adjust his/her emotions. 3,4
Emotion Regulation: Check the Facts and Opposite Action. Teaching conscious attention techniques and interpersonal key skills and courageously listening in order to become more socialized and repairing the person’s relationship with others. 5,6
Distress Tolerance: Introduction to Crisis Survival Skills, and ACCEPTS, Self-Soothe and IMPROVE the Moment, TIP Skills for Managing Extreme Emotions, Pros and Cons, Introduction to Reality Acceptance Skills, and Radical Acceptance, Turning the Mind and Willingness, Mindfulness of current Thoughts. 7,8