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Table 4 Correlations between emotion socialization strategies and sociodemographics and parenting practices (N = 418)

From: New version of the emotion socialization scale with the positive emotion of overjoy: initial validation evidence with Portuguese adolescents

Emotion socialization strategies Sociodemographics Parenting rearing practices
Adolescents Mothers
Sexa Age Years of educationa Years of educationa Emotional warmth Overprotection Rejection
Reward
 Sadness .10* − .03 −.01 .09† .50*** − .12* − .30***
 Anger .11* − .03 −.02 .11* .49*** − .10* − .29***
 Fear .17*** − .04 −.02 .08 .45*** − .13** − 33***
 Overjoy .19*** .01 −.03 .02 .40*** − .04 − .26***
Punish
 Sadness .00 − .08† −.07 − .04 .27*** .10* − .02
 Anger − .02 − .03 −.04 − .01 .23*** .15** .02
 Fear − .03 − .07 −.13** − .05 .23*** .09† − .01
 Overjoy − .20*** .01 −.14** − .06 − .14** .15** .21***
Neglect
 Sadness − .09† .06 − .02 − .10* − .45*** .14** .30***
 Anger − .10* .04 − .02 − .13* − .40*** .04 .19***
 Fear − .16** .03 − .05 − .11* − .40*** .11* .32***
 Overjoy − .14** .01 .00 − .02 − .38*** .07 .29***
Override
 Sadness .14** − .08 − .12* .01 .39*** − .08 − .25***
 Anger .06 − .07 − .12* .06 .40*** − .07 − .21***
 Fear .09† − .07 − .12* .04 .35*** − .05 − .22***
 Overjoy − .07 − .04 − .09† − .09† − .06 .21*** .18***
Magnify
 Sadness .02 − .07 − .16** − .03 .35*** .10* − .04
 Anger − .03 − .03 − .08 − .03 .11* .20*** .14**
 Fear .01 − .02 − .16** − .04 .12* .18*** .06
 Overjoy .09† .01 − .04 − .03 .37*** − .02 − .18***
  1. aAll correlations are Pearson correlations with the exception of the Point-Biserial correlations with sex and Spearman correlations with years of education
  2. p < .10, *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001