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Table 3 Differences between times of assessment on personality traits stratified by desirability score (follow-up assessment-baseline assessment)

From: Self-report personality tests and medical school selection

  Low desirability High desirability Cohen’s d p
Personality traits Mean dif (SD) Mean dif (SD)
Openness to experience −1.63 (4.99) 1.12 (4.81) 0.545 0.036
Conscientiousness −3.09 (4.52)* 0.03 (5.55) 0.594 0.022
Extraversion −0.33 (4.55) −0.97 (6.07) −0.121 0.638
Agreeableness 0.13 (5.26) −0.18 (4.16) −0.067 0.798
Neuroticism 3.88 (7.16) a −0.69 (6.94) −0.620 0.012
  1. aSignificant differences within the group
  2. *Significant differences between follow-up and baseline assessments within this group
  3. Italicized indicates that there were significant differences for the significant level of 0.005