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Table 4 Presence or absence of specific depressive symptoms on the GDS among the different frailty profiles (n = 2399). FIBRA Unicamp, Elderly, 2008–2009

From: Frailty and depressive symptoms in older adults: data from the FIBRA study - UNICAMP

GDS-15 Frail Pre-frail Non-frail p-value
1 – Satisfied with life
 Yes
 No
137 (6.2)
30 (14.6)
1089 (49.7)
114 (55.6)
968 (44.1)
61 (29.8)
<0.001
2 – Dropped activities/interests
 Yes
 No
102 (10.7)
65 (4.5)
508 (53.0)
695 (48.2)
348 (36.3)
681 (47.3)
<0.001
3 – Feel life is empty
 Yes
 No
87 (11.9)
80 (4.8)
390 (53.3)
813 (48.8)
255 (34.8)
774 (46.4)
<0.001
4- Often get bored
 Yes
 No
80 (9.5)
87 (5.6)
461 (54.7)
742 (47.7)
302 (35.8)
727 (46.7)
<0.001
5 – Feel in good spirits
 Yes
 No
127 (6.1)
40 (12.7)
1037 (49.8)
166 (52.5)
919 (44.1)
110 (34.8)
<0.001
6- Afraid something bad is going to happen
 Yes
 No
81 (8.6)
86 (5.9)
498 (53.2)
705 (48.2)
358 (38.2)
671 (45.9)
<0.001
7 – Feel happy
 Yes
 No
136 (6.3)
31 (13.3)
1060 (48.9)
143 (61.4)
970 (44.8)
59 (25.3)
<0.001
8 – Feel helpless
 Yes
 No
45 (10.0)
122 (6.3)
254 (56.7)
949 (48.6)
149 (33.3)
880 (45.1)
<0.001
9 – Prefer to stay at home rather than going out
 Yes
 No
109 (7.7)
58 (5.9)
751 (53.1)
452 (45.9)
555 (39.2)
474 (48.2)
<0.001
10- Feel that have more memory problems
 Yes
 No
67 (11.8)
100 (5.5)
295 (51.9)
908 (49.6)
206 (36.3)
823 (44.9)
<0.001
11- Think it is wonderful to be alive
 Yes
 No
154 (6.6)
13 (21.3)
1171 (50.1)
32 (52.5)
1013 (43.3)
16 (26.2)
<0.001
12- Feel worthless now
 Yes
 No
48 (12.8)
119 (5.9)
214 (56.9)
989 (48.9)
114 (30.3)
915 (45.2)
<0.001
13 – Feel full of energy
 Yes
 No
106 (5.4)
61 (14.1)
954 (48.5)
249 (57.5)
906 (46.1)
123 (28.4)
<0.001
14- Feel situation is hopeless
 Yes
 No
40 (11.6)
127 (6.2)
204 (59.1)
999 (48.6)
101 (29.3)
928 (45.2)
<0.001
15 – Think people are better off than you
 Yes
 No
64 (11.1)
103 (5.6)
325 (56.4)
878 (48.2)
187 (32.5)
842 (46.2)
<0.001