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Table 3 HLM models regarding the effects of individual bullying, aggression, gender, and group normative beliefs about aggression and prosociality on individual social preference

From: What is popular? Distinguishing bullying and aggression as status correlates within specific peer normative contexts

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
  Est. SE Est. SE Est. SE Est. SE
Intercept         
Base −.083 .069 −.076 .069 −.073 .065 −.063 .067
Gr. NB prosociality      .379** .152 .387** .153
Gr. NB aggression      −.154 .147 −.184 .150
Bullying         
Base    −.133** .053 −.124** .057 −.125** .057
Aggression         
Base    −.240*** .060 −.217*** .058 −.185*** .064
Gr. NB prosociality        −.157 .125
Gr. NB aggression        −.286* .151
Gender         
Base    −.095 .103 −.105 .106 −.093 .106
σ2 .546   .494   .492   .490  
Τ .305   .285   .248   .490  
Reduced variance within group    .095   .099   .103  
Reduced variance between group      .187   −.607  
Deviance 1720.23   1428.84   1420.75   1422.14  
Intraclass correlation .64        
  1. Note. *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.01
  2. Gr. NB group Normative Beliefs about prosociality and aggression, respectively