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Table 3 Comparison of different ages in TLN-C subtests controlling effect of total IQ by Ancova

From: Evidences of validity and reliability of the Luria-Nebraska Test for Children

TLN-C F p a η p 2 Tukey HSD post hoc test
MS 13.030 <.001* .216 6,7 < 8,9 < 10,11,12,13
RY 10.648 <.001* .184 6 < 7,8,9,10,11,12,13/ 7,8,9 < 10,11,12,13
TS 11.647 <.001* .198 6 < 8,9,10,11,12,13/ 7, 8 < 10,11,12,13/ 9 < 11,12/ 10 < 12
VS 3.757 <.001* .080 6 < 11,12,13
RS 1.130 .342 .023 ns
ES 5.349 <.001* .102 6 < 7,8,9,10,11,12,13
WR 32.384 <.001* .407 6 < 8,9,10,11,12,13/ 7,8 < 9,10,11,12,13/ 9 < 10,11,12,13
RE 27.931 <.001* .372 6 < 7,8,9,10,11,12,13/ 7,8 < 9,10,11,12,13/ 9 < 10,11,12,13
MR 23.795 <.001* .335 6 < 7,8,9,10,11,12,13/ 7,8 < 9,10,11,12,13/ 9 < 10,11,12,13
IM 19.854 <.001* .296 6 < 7,8,9,10,11,12,13/ 7 < 8,10,11,12, 13/ 8 < 11,12,13/ 9 < 10, 11,12,13/ 10 < 11,12,13
Total 58.008 <.001* .551 6 < 7 < 8 < 10 < 11,12,13
  1. Note: MS motor skill, RY rhythm, TS tactile skill, VS visual skill, RS receptive speech, ES expressive speech, WR writing, RE reading, MR mathematical reasoning, IM immediate memory
  2. aAnalysis of Covariance (Ancova); F: Fisher’s F; η p 2: Partial eta squared; *p < .01; ns: not significant